Impact of dyspnea on oral health-related quality of life among obese individuals prior to bariatric surgery

Luisa Comerlato Jardim, Nathaly Marin Hernandez, Deise Silva de Moura, Ana Cristina de Assunção Machado, Luciana Dapieve Patias, Glauco da Costa Alvarez, Cristina Machado Bragança de Moraes, Raquel Pippi Antoniazzi

Resumo


Objectives: Dyspnea (shortness of breath) is common among obese individuals. However, no studies have evaluated the effect of dyspnea on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of dyspnea on the OHRQoL of obese individuals prior to bariatric surgery. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 104 obese individuals. Data were collected on socio-demographic characteristics, body mass index, perceptions of xerostomia (dry mouth), tooth loss and OHRQoL (OHIP-14). Poisson regression analysis was used to determine the association between dyspnea and OHRQoL. Results: Individuals with dyspnea had higher total OHIP-14 scores (1.40 ± 3.74) compared to those without dyspnea (0.50 ± 0.39) (P = 0.005). In the multivariate analysis, total OHIP-14 scores were 3.91-fold higher among the individuals with dyspnea. All domains of the questionnaire were associated with dyspnea, except physical disability and psychological disability. Conclusion: Dyspnea exerted a negative impact on OHRQoL in obese individuals, independently of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics.


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